What is an opioid?
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Opioids are substances which bind to opioid receptors within the brain and body in order to relieve pain. They can be synthetic or natural. Examples include prescription painkillers like Fentanyl or Heroin.
Opioids can cause a variety of side effects, such as physical dependence and withdrawal symptoms if you stop taking them. They can also increase the risk of having a baby with a low weight at birth.
What are opioids and their effects?
Opioids can be natural or synthetic chemicals which bind to opioid receptors within cells to reduce pain and increase pleasure. Physicians prescribe opioids to relieve severe discomfort after surgery or chronic illnesses like cancer. Narcotics are prescription pills (codeine morphine hydrocodone oxycodone tramadol oxycodone) and illegal heroin.
Opioids are often prescribed to treat chronic pain, but they can cause addiction and serious side-effects. Some medicines that are absorbed through the body's skin can also be applied in patches, lozenges or injections.
How do opioids act?
Opioids attach themselves to opioid receptors, proteins found on nerve cells of the brain, spinal cord and gut. They block pain messages while causing relaxation and drowsiness.
Long-term opioid use can lead to physical dependence and addiction. Withdrawal symptoms may appear if you stop using the medicine or take less medication than prescribed.
PAPS (pregnancy-associated nausea and vomiting) can be a potentially fatal condition. It puts both mother, and baby at risk for premature delivery or breathing problems after birth. PAPS can also lead to neonatal absence syndrome (NAS).
What are the side-effects of opioids?
Opioids prescribed to you by your doctor can provide effective pain relief. However, if misused, they can cause severe side effects, including sleepiness and a feeling of high. At higher dosages, they can stop or slow your breathing, which can reduce oxygen reaching your brain, and even result in death.
Those who take opioids for a long time can become dependent on them. This means that their bodies will become accustomed to the drug and need higher doses to achieve the same effects. The effects of dependence can be either psychological or physical.
What are the risks associated with an opioid overdose?
Overdosing is possible with opioids when taken in excess or combined with other drugs or illegal substances such as fentanyl. It is more common to swallow pills whole than to chew them or inject prescription opioids through needles.
Conditions such as anxiety, depression, or post-traumatic disorder (also known as PTSD) increase your risk of opioid overdose. Their symptoms can make it difficult to stop using the drugs. Babies born to mothers who ingested opiates during pregnancy may also suffer from neonatal abstinence.
What are the risks associated with opioid addiction?
Opioids are more addictive and have a higher overdose risk than any other substance. They should only be taken in moderation, as too many can lead to a fatal overdose. Too many opioids can overload your brain's opioid receptors, preventing you from breathing. Without oxygen, your heart will stop beating and you will become unconscious or even die.
You are more likely to develop an opioid addiction if you abuse them in ways other than what they were intended for, such as crushing them and snorting or injecting them. You are at greater risk if you've had mental health issues or substance abuse problems, as well as irresistible drug cravings that cause compulsive behavior.
What are the risks associated with opioids during pregnancy?
Women who are pregnant and take opioids during pregnancy may be at risk. These include neonatal abstinence and sudden infant death syndrome.
Opioids pose serious risks to pregnant women if they are taken in excess or incorrectly. This can lead to addiction, overdose, and other pregnancy complications.
Some pregnant women who abuse opioids also suffer from mental conditions such as anxiety or post-traumatic disorder (PTSD). PTSD is a mental disorder that develops when you experience something upsetting or frightening. It can make you feel fearful or critical.
Opioids are substances which bind to opioid receptors within the brain and body in order to relieve pain. They can be synthetic or natural. Examples include prescription painkillers like Fentanyl or Heroin. Opioids can cause a variety of side effects, such as physical dependence and withdrawal symptoms if you stop taking them. They can also…
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